How to get free Education in USA?: The American Education System is not at all like that in numerous different nations. Despite the fact that the U.S. Government provides very nearly 10% of the national education budget, education is basically the obligation of state and local government.
In USA, every state has its own department of education and laws related to education, finance, student attendance, the hiring of school personnel, and curriculum. States also decides the number of years of mandatory education: in many states, education is necessary from five or six to sixteen, but in some states, teenagers have to stay on in school until age 18.
Education System Structure: How to get free Education in USA
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL (How to get free Education in USA)
Before advanced education, American students go to primary and secondary school for a consolidated aggregate of 12 years. These years are called as the first through twelfth grades. Nearby age six, U.S. children start primary school, which is most generally called “elementary school.” They attend five or six years and then go to secondary school.
Secondary school is divided into two programs: The first is “middle school” or “junior high school” and the second program one is “high school.” A diploma or certificate is awarded upon graduation from high school. After graduating high school (12th grade), U.S. students may go on to college or university. College or university study is known as “higher education.”
GRADING SYSTEM (How to get free Education in USA)
Just like American students, if you want to get admission in the USA you will have to submit all your academic transcripts as part of your application for certification to university or college. Academic transcripts are endorsed copies of your academic work. In the U.S. this carries your “grades” and “grade point average” (GPA), which are measures of your academic achievement. Courses are generally graded using percentages, which are turned into letter grades.
The grading process and GPA in the U.S. can be complicated, particularly for international students. The interpretation of grades has a lot of difference. For example, two students who joined different schools both submit their copies to the same university. They both have 3.5 GPAs, but one applicant attended an average high school, while the other joined a prestigious school that was academically challenging. The university might translate their GPAs separately because the two schools have dramatically different standards.
Beginning of Academic Year
The school timetable more often starts in August or September and proceeds through May or June. The greater part of new students start in fall, so it is a smart thought for an international student to likewise start their U.S. college learns as of now. There is a lot of enthusiasm at the beginning of the school year and students develop many great friendships during this time, as they are all trying to adjust to a new phase of academic life. Additionally, many courses are composed for students to take them in sequence, starting in autumn and proceeding through the year.
The academic year at many schools is comprised of two terms called “semesters.” (Some schools use a three-term calendar/ three-semester system known as the “trimester” system.) Still, others additionally divide the year into the quarter system of four terms or semesters, including an optional summer session. Basically, if you eliminate the summer session, the academic year is either contained within two semesters or three-quarter terms.
THE U.S. HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM: LEVELS OF STUDY (How to get free Education in USA)
First Level: Undergraduate: “The American Education system is much more open. In Hong Kong, India, and many other countries you just learn what the teacher writes on the board.But in America, you have to discuss the issues and focus more on ideas.”
Generally, your first two years of study you will be needed to take a wide diversity of classes in different subjects, commonly known as essential courses: science, literature, the social sciences, history, the arts, and so forth. This is how you achieve a general knowledge, a foundation, of a difference of subjects prior to concentrating on a specific field of study.
Many students prefer to study at a community college in order to finish the first two years of essential courses. After which they will earn an Associate of Arts (AA) transfer degree and then shift to a four-year university or college.
A “major” is the particular field of study in which your degree is concentrated. For example, if your major is in journalism, then you will earn a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism. You will be needed to take a specific number of courses in this field in order to satisfy the degree requirements of your major. You must decide your major at the beginning of your third year of school.
A very different quality of the American higher education system is that you can switch your major multiple times if you choose. It is very common for American students to change majors at some point in their undergraduate studies. Often, students explore a different field that they excel in or enjoy. The American education system is very much flexible and easy. You have to keep in mind that changing majors may result in more courses, which involves more time and money.
Second Level: Graduate in Pursuit of a Master’s Degree (How to get free Education in USA)
Presently, a college or university graduate student with a bachelor’s degree may want to sincerely think about graduate study in order to join certain professions or advance their career. This degree is usually necessary for higher-level positions in engineering, library science, behavioral health, and education.
Furthermore, global students from some countries are only allowed to study abroad at a graduate level. You should investigate about the credentials required to get a job in your country before you apply to a postgraduate university in the USA.
A graduate program is normally a division of a university or college. To get admission, you will require taking the GRE (graduate record examination). Certain master’s programs need specific tests, such as the GRE or GMAT for business school, the LSAT for law school, and the MCAT for medical school.
Graduate programs in continuation of a master’s degree typically get one to two years to complete. For example, the MBA (master of business administration) takes about two years to complete the full course. Other master’s programs, such as journalism, complete in One year.
The majority of a master’s program is used in classroom study and a graduate student must provide a long research paper called a “master’s thesis” or finish a “master’s project.”
Third Level: Graduate in Pursuit of a Doctorate Degree
Many graduate schools involve the attainment of a master’s degree the first move towards earning a PhD (doctorate). But at other schools, students may qualify directly for a doctorate without also earning a master’s degree. It might take three years or more to receive a PhD degree. For international students, it might take as long as five or six years.
For the first two years of the curriculum, most doctoral students enroll in classes and seminars. At least another year is spent conducting firsthand research and writing a thesis or dissertation. This paper must include views, designs, or analysis that have not been previously published.
A doctoral thesis is a discussion and summary of the current research on a given topic. Most U.S. universities granting doctorates also need their candidates to have a reading experience of two foreign languages, to spend an essential length of time “in residence,” to pass a qualifying test that officially allows applicants to the PhD program and to pass an oral test on the same topic as the dissertation.