How Education System in India works?

Education system

What is education and How Education System in India works?: Education is the procedure of aiding learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, beliefs, skills, values, and habits. Educational systems include storytelling, training, discussion, teaching, and directed research. Education generally takes place under the supervision of educators, but learners may also teach themselves. Education can be provided via formal or informal ways and any expertise that has a formative effect on the way one feels, thinks, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology and procedure of teaching are called pedagogy.

The Indian Education System (Central and State boards) uniformly follow the “10+2+3” pattern of education. According to this pattern, the study of 10 years is done in schools and 2 years in Junior colleges and after that anyone who wants to continue study they have to continue with 3 years of graduation for a bachelor’s degree.

Types of Education System in India: How Education System in India works?

  • Primary Education: In India Education stars from Primary and Middle (lower primary (Standards I to V) and upper primary (Standards VI to VIII)) which is necessary. Primary education commences at the of age 6 with Middle/Upper Primary school education finishing at age 14. Schooling is given at state-run and private schools, however, private schools often have inadequate facilities and infrastructure than government schools. The local and regional language is the medium of direction for most primary schools and English as a second language generally begins by grade 3.
  • Secondary Education: Secondary education starts from grade 9 and lasts until grade 12. The secondary stage is divided into two, two-year cycles commonly referred to as or ‘Standard X’, General/Lower Secondary School, and Upper/Senior Secondary School, or ‘Standard XII’. Education proceeds to be free at government schools, although private education is more familiar at the secondary level. Yearly examinations are held at the end of both cycles and offer access to grade 11 and university level study respectively. A common curriculum for lower secondary school in India covers three languages (including an elective, regional language, and English language), Science, Mathematics, and Technology, Work/Pre-Vocational Education, Social Sciences, Art, and Physical Education. Secondary schools are affiliated with State boards or Central boards which administer the Secondary School Certificate at the end of grade 10.
  • Vocational Education: Mainly young people who do not want to go on to tertiary education(higher education), or who are not able to complete secondary school often enroll at privately-owned vocational classes that are specialized in just one or only a few courses. The syllabus offered is formed up of foundation courses, language course, and electives, of which half of the electives are completely practical in nature. Examinations at the end of vocational education are carried by the All India and State Boards of Vocational Education.
  • Tertiary Education (Higher Education): India’s higher education policy is highly centralized and undergoing large changes and mainly based upon the British system of education, educational theory is ever-developing. University education is supervised by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which is accountable for the development and progress of higher education, allocating funds, and identification of institutions in India. The National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) was founded by the UGC to assess universities and college basically based upon an alphabetical ranking system ranging from A++ to C. The assessment and Accreditation is broadly used for learning the Quality Status of an institution and symbolizes that the particular institution meets the standards of quality as set by the NAAC. Cooperation in the accreditation process of NAAC is voluntary.

Schemes for Primary Education: How Education System in India works?

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Mid Day Meal

These are the two schemes from central Govt which target mainly children coming from the poor economic background. The schemes will support to fill gaps between children coming from the different socioeconomic background.

Schemes for Secondary Education: How Education System in India works?

  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Scheme of Vocational Education
  • National Scheme of Incentives to Girls for Secondary Education
  • Girls Hostel Scheme
  • Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage
  • National Scholarships

Secondary education projects focus children falling under the age group of 14 – 18. The goal of these plans is to prepare students for the higher education. NCERT (National Council for Educational Research and Training) mainly focuses on educational development in terms of both quantity and quality.

Schemes for higher education: How Education System in India works?

  • All India Council for Technical Education Scholarships
  • Post-Doctoral Research Fellow (Scheme)
  • Scheme of Apprenticeship Training
  • Department of Science and Technology grants and fellowships
  • Scholarship Schemes for ST Students by Ministry of Tribal Affairs
  • Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities – Schemes/Programmes
  • Sports Authority of India promotional schemes

Indian Education System Advantages Disadvantages: How Education System in India works?

The part of Indian education was very basic and important since the foundation times of India. In the recent time education system has completely changed a lot explaining a great increment in the percentage of education. This has only been successful with the excitement of Indian economy. There are many roles and purposes of government and also you can find different kinds of merits and DEmerits of Indian education. Below you can read Advantages and Disadvantages of Education system:


  • Growth of technical institutions
  • Emphasis on GK
  • Theoretical knowledge base
  • Focus on morals and values
  • Focus on fine-arts and cultures


  • Rural Schooling
  • Alumni involvement
  • Foreign investments
  • Lack of research funding

Basic Indian education system problems: How Education System in India works?

  • Education System Does Not Build Identification of a Child: This is very unfortunate that our education system is not encouraging to develop the persona of a child. We should remember that it is a personality that is very important than academic qualification. Our system demands only good numbers from a child in any exam not to show his personality. Hence a child is not well exhibited to the outer world and he or she might not be able to develop their personality. So this is a flaw in our education system.
  • Education is more like Rat Race: Our education system commonly develops rat race among our children. In schools, they have to learn and mug-up entire textbook without any opinion and learning of it. So a student who scores 90 or 90+ out of 100 and comes first actually remain a rat. This means these types of children don’t have analytical skills that a child must have.
  • Teachers Themselves are Not Completely Trained and Efficient: To worsen the situation, our teachers themselves are not adequately prepared to instruct kids. They don’t have appropriate learning that how they will confer values in kids that will change the country. If they can educate legitimately then the administration does not have enough compensation to pay. Consequently, to improve our instruction framework teachers ought to be better prepared and all the more essentially better paid.
  • The medium of Language of our Education System: This is also a very big problem that requires being addressed. We are not able to judge on the medium of the language of our education system. Still, our emphasis is on English where the majority of children won’t understand the language. So how they could understand what teachers are teaching. Moreover, subjects like physics, mathematics, and arts have nothing to do with the medium of communication. Hence the emphasis on English could be wrong.