What is women Education: So here is your answer Education for Women means that form of education which aims at developing the knowledge, and skills of women and girls. It covers general education at schools and colleges, professional education, technical education and vocational, health education, etc. Women education comprises of both literary and non-literary education.
There was time during the middle of the nineteenth century, girls and women were taught only for traditional household works.But now, the society is observing changes in the role-status of women. There is a greater focus on Education for Women equally the way we educate boys and men. In today’s era, parents want to fulfill the ambition of their children without gender parity.
The educated and professional women should require on exercising their social, civil, political and economic rights. This will help enhance the overall condition of women in the society. We can pray for better days while all women of our nation will be enlightened, aware and educated.
Benefits of Educating women:
- Educated women are very much capable of bringing up socio-economic changes. The law of almost all liberal and democratic countries, including India, ensures equal rights for both men and women.
- Basic education is now a fundamental right. When Education for Women is assured of her rights, the culture at large is assured of its sustainability.
- After realizing the importance and significance of women education, the government and many non-government institutions took a lot of projects and schemes to spread women education. Education and Literacy programs are being taken in favor of women.
- Women who are educated and trained are able to take charge of their future
- They earn more and contribute to their family income
- Women who are educated help to decrease child and maternal mortality
- Educated women are properly equipped to take care of their children
- They are less likely to be influenced of and lowers exposure to domestic abuse
- Have great faith and takes right decisions
- Participates in a positive way to the society and the nation at large
- When women are involved in key decision-making positions, they take holistic resolutions for the development of the society
- Including women in governments tend to have different growth dimensions
- For the improvement of the women education their various programs run by central govt they are as follows:
- Sarwa Shiksha Abhiyan
- Rashtriya Mahila Kosh
- Mahila Samridhi Yojana
- Indira Mahila Yojana
- Balika Samridhi Yojana
- Employment and Income Generating Training-cum-Production Centres
- Programme of Development of Women and Children in rural areas
- Short Stay Home for Women and Girls
Here are some parts affecting the women education in India:
- Undernourishment and starvation of the girl child
- Infections and low immunity power at childhood
- Women are forced to follow orders and directions of elders in family whether at home of parents or parents-in-law
- They are allowed to get only limited education
- At very early age they have to face sexual harassment and abuse
- Lower socioeconomic status of parents
- So many social limitations and regulation in their life
Why educate women?
According to a UN report, women education is the single most efficient and powerful way to develop lives and health of a family and a community at large.One single woman with education is enough to educate the children in her family, manage them in taking decisions, participate economically and offer important inputs for development on home and social front. Women comprise almost half of a country’s population when 50% of the population is rejected education – a country will remain underdeveloped. Empowered women participate in the development of the society, community, and nation in numerous ways.
Importance of female education in developing countries
In developing countries getting an education is the basic human right of every individual irrespective of sexuality. But some personalities in our society do not agree on this and make such a simple thing extremely difficult. We must be conscious of the fact that if she is illiterate then close to half of the population is illiterate. Educating a woman means that you are educating the family and the nation.
Education is the most important weapon that shapes the lives of society. It allows with the capacity to reason, think, take appropriate resolutions and defend oneself from oppression & abuse. However, in most of the developing countries around the globe including India, women are often denied educational opportunities. Even though women covers 48% of the total population in India – the women education rate in the urban area is 79.11% as against 88.76% males, and the figures are even lower in the rural areas where 57.93% women are educated as against 77.15% literate males. In 2014, India GDP growth fluctuates between 4.6% – 5.3% (1st – 3rd Quarter) and this increased percentage can be drastically developed if women are educated and start contributing equally economically.
‘Educating a boy is thought to be educating a person…Educating a girl means educating a nation’, this is 100% true. Many studies and studies worldwide have exhibited that educating women is the single most effective investment in terms of the well-being of community welfare, children health, and building long-term victory of developing countries. Education opens a whole new world of possibilities for a girl, it gives her the self-confidence to tackle different problems of life, make better choices, resolve family or community issues satisfactorily, become economically independent, stand for her rights and supervise her children.
Over the period of time the literacy rate among Indian women has developed and as per an article in one of India’s leading newspapers – women selecting for higher studies have doubled from 10% (during Independence) to 41.5% in 2011. The Indian government has launched a number of programmes, Plans and activities to encourage primary, secondary and higher education for women. However, the development is albeit slow but moving firmly. The journey to become a successful nation starts with Universal Education for Women. India can attain its true potential as a nation only when its women and girl population are provided with the power of education.